burkholderia multivorans uti

The taxonomy of Burkholderia (formerly Pseudomonas) cepacia complex currently consists of 18 distinct bacterial species with a wide environmental distribution in soil and plants, especially the underground stem (rhizome) () (63, 73) . B. cepacia poses little medical risk to healthy people. B. cepacia bacteria are often resistant to common antibiotics. Of the 17 genotypically distinct species forming the Burkholderia cepacia complex, Burkholderia cenocepacia (genomovar III) and Burkholderia multivorans (genomovar II) account for 85% of isolates in both the United States and France 27, 28. B. cepaciacomplex species are obligate aerobic gram-negative rods that do not ferment glucose and are catalase positive. B. multivorans (formerly B. cepacia genomovar II).. Burkholderia cepacia [burk-hōld–er–ee-uh si–pay–shee–uh] (also called B. cepacia) is the name for a group or “complex” of bacteria that can be found in soil and water. The genus Burkholderia(previously Pseudomonas) Aerobic, gram–negative rods, (MAC +ve, except B. mallei) non -spore forming, oxidase-positive (30+species) Three species of interest to us as veterinary clinicians and diagnosticians: B. cepacia –a nosocomial opportunist B. mallei and B. pseudomallei- both animal pathogens & cause serious Resistance is common with 86% of B. cenocepacia being MDR, including 43% PR isolates and 78% of non‐B. These organisms comprise nine closely related species known as genomovars. MICROBIOLOGY. Pseudomonas fluorescens is a type of bacteria that can cause infection in patients with compromised immune systems. Eight Burkholderia multivorans strains were included in the panel (Table (Table1). A salicylate-regulated antibiotic efflux operon has been identified in B. cenocepacia and one of its four genes, llpE, is without parallel in previously reported efflux operons. Burkholderia cepacia complex (BCC), or simply Burkholderia cepacia is a group of Gram-negative bacteria composed of several different species of bacteria. Burkholderia multivorans BURMULT 113675004 Burkholderia pseudomallei BURPM 116399000 Pseudomonas pseudomallei BURPM*4 Burkholderia pyrrocinia BURPYRR 113677007 Pseudomonas pyrrocinia BURPYRR*1 Burkholderia stabilis BURSTAB 416616001 Burkholderia thailandensis BURTHAI 113678002 Burkholderia ubonensis BURUBON 431686001 Abstract. Organisms from the Burkholderia cepacia complex are important pathogens in cystic fibrosis and are associated with increased rates of sepsis and death. In immunocompromised patients, can cause UTI, RTI, infections of sterile body sites Habitat of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Rarely normal flora; environmental, domestic environments (hot tub, contact lens cases), hospital environments (sinks, showers) On one occasion, urine cultured bacteria from the Burkholderia cepacia complex (BCC).
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