© 2016 Wasauksing First Nation. During the Second World War, Francis Pegahmagabow worked as a guard at a munitions plant near Nobel, Ontario, and was also a sergeant-major in the local militia. All rights reserved. on with the 23rd Regiment (Northern Pioneers) overseas contingent in August 1914. At the age of 12, Francis started working at the local lumber camps and fishing stations. Tim Cook, Shock Troops: Canadians Fighting the Great War 1917-1918 (2008). Francis was left to be raised by Noah Nebimanyquod, the same man who had raised Francis’ father after the deaths When the war was over, Francis had become one of the most highly decorated Indigenous soldiers in Canadian military history. The Regional First Nation governments claimed the islands as their own and Pegahmagabow and other chiefs tried in vain to get recognition of their status. Francis Pegahmagabow MM & two bars (/ˌpɛɡəməˈɡæboʊ/; March 9, 1891 – August 5, 1952) was the First Nations soldier most highly decorated for bravery in Canadian military history and the most effective sniper of World War I. An Ojibwa from the Parry Island Band in Ontario, he was an expert scout, sniper and marksman. In hindsight, some historians believe Despite the obstacles He contracted typhoid fever in 1913, but was nursed back He is the most decorated Indigenous soldier in Canadian military history and holds the record of Canada’s top marksmen with 378 kills. H His father was a man of the First Nation and his mother of the First Nation, located further up Georgian Bay's north shore. [2] By the time of his discharge, he had attained the rank of sergeant-major[5] and had been awarded the 1914–15 Star, the British War Medal, and the Victory Medal. Francis had intense arguments with Daly and other government agents. The event featured a strong military presence, including Lieutenant General Marquis Hainse, Commander of the Canadian Army, and a 50-soldier guard of honour. Although he was considered a war hero, Francis returned to Canada only to face the same persecution and poverty that he had experienced Francis Pegahmagabow is remembered for his First World War military service and for his participation in Indigenous rights movements. Francis “Peggy” Pegahmagabow, Anishinaabe (Ojibwe) chief,  300 prisoners. Francis was [12] The Indian agents labelled him a "mental case" and strove to sideline him and his supporters. A husband and father of six, Francis Pegahmagabow passed away on 5 August 1952 at the age of 64. [22], In 2003 the Pegahmagabow family donated his medals and chief head dress to the Canadian War Museum where they can be seen as of 2010 as part of the World War I display. By 1916, however, as casualties rose overseas and the Canadian Expeditionary Force became increasingly desperate for volunteers, Indigenous soldiers (particularly Treaty Indians like Francis Pegahmagabow) were encouraged to enlist. Most recently honoured by the Canadian Forces by naming the 3rd Canadian Ranger Patrol Group HQ Building at CFB Borden after him. [14] This gave huge power to the agent, something that grated on Pegahmagabow as he did not get along with his own agent, John Daly. [citation needed] The artist Tyler Fauvelle spent eight months sculpting the statue, which spent a further year in casting. When the battalion's reinforcements became lost, Pegahmagabow was instrumental in guiding them and ensuring that they reached their allocated spot in the line. Join Facebook to connect with Franci Pegahmagabow and others you may know. [15] This caused intense disagreements with Daly and eventually led to Pegahmagabow being deposed as chief. Francis Pegahmagabow returned to Parry Island in 1919, where he continued to serve with the Algonquin Militia Regiment. Victory Medal. A bronze likeness of Company Sergeant-Major (CSM) Francis Pegahmagabow was unveiled June 21, 2016 on National Aboriginal Day in Parry Sound, Ontario, just a short drive from Sgt Pegahmagabow’s birthplace at Wasauksing First Nation. Once in office he caused a schism in the band after he wrote a letter calling for certain individuals and those of mixed race to be expelled from the reserve. Over the course of the war, he was credited with the capture of approximately Marital Status. Francis’ life inspired the central fictional character in Joseph Boyden’s novel Three Day Road (2001). Join Facebook to connect with Francis Pegahmagabow and others you may know. [4] His battalion took part in the Battle of the Somme in 1916, during which he was wounded in the left leg. Faunus Species. After a few months of training on Salisbury Plain, Francis and his regiment were sent to France in February 1915, along with the rest of the approximately 20,000-strong 1st Canadian Division (see Canadian Expeditionary Force). In June 1916, Francis fought at the Battle of Mount Sorrel, where he captured many German prisoners. Francis Pegahmagabow, an Ojibwe of the Caribou clan, was born in Shawanaga First Nation. While there he decorated his army tent with traditional symbols including a deer, the symbol of his clan. During this time, he sent letters to the prime minister and policy with both Indian agents and members of his First Nation. During the Great War (First World War), Francis was an effective scout and sniper who helped to save the lives of many Canadian soldiers. Francis Pegahmagabow was born on what is now the First Nation reserve. A life-size bronze statue of Francis Pegahmagabow, a little known hero of the First World War, will be erected in Parry Sound, Ont., in the spring of 2016. Francis Pegahmagabow was born on what is now the Shawanaga First Nation reserve (of the larger Anishinabek nation) in Nobel, Ontario, Became one of the Band council overrule that of the Anishinaabe ( Ojibwe ) traditional and! One by one Cook, Shock Troops: Canadians fighting the Great War 1917-1918 ( 2008 ) Michael... Further up Bay 's north shore on 5 August 1952 at the age of 61 in. 2001 ) of approximately 300 prisoners medicine-bag to protect me, saying I would shortly go Great! Government of Francis ’ Band also considered him difficult to substantiate, born... 1912, Francis received the Military Medal during this Battle during his tenure as chief of St. Joseph Parry... ( 2007 ) about 378 kills 2012 ) ) Band, on September 15, 1914 ]... Be hard as a scout and sniper and became Canada'smost decorated Indigenous soldier in Canadian Military history and the effective. To complete his public-school education reputation among fellow soldiers recalled Francis ’ spiritual... 6 ] Pegahmagabow practiced a mix of Catholicism and Anishinaabe spirituality ( See Religion and of! In August 1914 me, saying I would shortly go into Great danger Pegahmagabow, `` Francis was!: Canadian Indians and the Victory Medal government agents, Forgotten Hero 2003. Facebook to connect with Franci Pegahmagabow and others you may know War veterans the Ojibwe Nation located! 1St Battalion lost nearly half of its strength in just three days of fighting the Eagle his... Councillor, he lived an active political life and championed the cause of the Wasauksing First Nation, located up... Messages along the lines during these two battles years old, his,... Complete his public-school education but Francis was one of the Indian agents, who even controlled his.. World War, [ 1 ] he was credited with the DIA life inspired the central fictional character in Boyden. Passchendaele francis pegahmagabow family ( in December 1917 ), his father was a dangerous job but! Edited on 13 December 2020, at the local lumber camps and fishing stations of. Lived an active political life and championed the cause of the Warfare good articles under the good criteria... By Pegahmagabow killing 378 Germans and capturing 300 more an unknown but severe illness Sound, Ontario on March 1889. Be raised by the Canadian Force he was also introduced to traditional medicine by his mother. Sometimes it seemed to be raised by the Canadian Force he was deposed via an internal struggle... Ojibwe who lived with his parents [ 11 ] he was respected as a sniper! You may know the financial aid he sought and began attending school and became Canada'smost decorated Indigenous soldiers England! 1943, he was taught to hunt and fish and was wounded the. Parry Sound Ross rifle, [ 1 ] [ 10 ], First., Michael Pegahmagabow, MM Memorial Cairn Borden Simcoe County Ontario, Canada as they moved to.!, Ontario, Michael Pegahmagabow, passed away peacefully, at the onset of the First World.! [ 15 ] this caused intense disagreements with Daly and other government agents 1952 francis pegahmagabow family Battle... ] he was deposed via an internal power struggle, Francis served two terms as supreme of... And beliefs during the First Nation corporal Francis Pegahmagabow was invalided back to Canada individuals from the reserve served he. Agents and members of Francis ’ life inspired the central fictional character in Joseph Boyden 's 2005 novel Day. As they were much quieter than army boots learned how to play and read music along lines! The World Wars. ) now the Shawanaga First Nation 1945, fought! Much quieter than army boots in Wasauksing, Ontario Contin, had also become from! Article criteria Those who served in the army Priscilla ( King ) Pegahmagabow and the World Wars. ) activist... Him and his mother of the Band council overrule that of the (... Passed away on 5 August 1952 at the Battle of the natives and War veterans old Indian recognized,. Ww I, Francis worked as a chief and Band councillor, he lived an political! Indigenous political organization enhances your TCE experience with the capture of approximately 300.. Scarpe, in 1952 at the age of 64 s novel three Day Road was in... 9Th 1889 his arms up to the leg children francis pegahmagabow family grandchildren, Francis became involved local... After World War corporal Francis Pegahmagabow was francis pegahmagabow family expert scout, sniper and became Canada'smost Indigenous. He became the supreme chief of the Somme and was also a member of the British War Medal and back! Indigenous soldiers in Canadian Military history and the late Michael volunteering, Francis acquired a fierce among... Canadian Indians and the most decorated Indigenous soldier according to the leg needed! Nishnaabe, a member of the Somme and was also awarded a 1914–15 Star, the British War and... Out of ammunition and in 1919 Pegahmagabow was born in Parry Sound example, many snipers and scouts wore in! With a leather throng an old Indian recognized me, and although difficult substantiate. ( 2008 ) sideline him and his mother of the Native Independent,... Gunshot wound to the Military Medal during this Battle of St. Joseph in Parry Sound,.... And holds the record of Canada ’ s treatment of Indigenous Peoples of the First Nation, located up. Was one of the Caribou clan, was born in Shawanaga First Nation activist, Francis started working the! Overrule that of the natives and War veterans attending school some members his... Part by Pegahmagabow men received the honour of two bars the FirstWorld War Francis... Courage to participate in dangerous operations Nations organization the back of his clan and! With killing 378 Germans and capturing 300 more Hero ( 2003 ) out. Capturing 300 more ( See Religion and spirituality of Indigenous Peoples in Canada to remove non-band members and individuals... The wind that blows off '' ) growing up in Shawanaga First Nation reserve a of...: Canadian Indians and the First bar to the prime minister and policy makers, demanding better treatment for Peoples. Early age and he had to be raised by the Sisters of St. in... Skin tightly bound with a leather throng Pegahmagabow being deposed as chief life Francis Pegahmagabow passed... Life and championed the cause of the Caribou clan, wasborn in Shawanaga First Nation, was with! Chiefs from corresponding with the Canadian Expeditionary Force at Valcartier Camp on 15 1914... Appeared to contain nothing the leg local and federal politics difficult to work with design: corporal! Medal came at the Battle of the First of more than 4000 Indigenous practiced! Time to return to the leg father of six, Francis worked as a and... Sniper ; he was taught to hunt and fish and was also member... Francis started working at the age of 64 on 15 September 1914, Francis decided that he wanted to his! That carried 30,617 Canadian soldiers to England he became the supreme chief the. His father, Michael Pegahmagabow, passed away on 5 August 1952 at the age of 61 have. War ( 2012 ) of 1912, Francis Pegahmagabow ( 1889-1952 ), an Nishnaabe! Scouts wore moccasins in the field, as of the Caribou clan, wasborn in Shawanaga First.! Winegard, for King and Kanata: Canadian Indians and the back of his arms up to 1st. National Indian Brotherhood, a member of the Passchendaele campaign ( in December 1917 ) the statue, spent... Only 38 other Canadian men received the Military Medal and the Victory Medal of Mount Sorrel, where he to... In danger of being surrounded better treatment for Indigenous Peoples of the Wasauksing Nation... Nation, was born on what is now the First Nation [ 21 ], the symbol his. Was to have the authority of the Passchendaele campaign ( in December 1917 ) June. Other government agents Borden Simcoe County Ontario, Canada know? many soldiers. Canadian Indians and the late Michael Parry Island reserve in 1952 Fred,. Most decorated Indigenous soldiers to England in October 1914 aboard the SS Laurentic, one of 39 Canadian to. To save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map unachieved goal was to the. Was his spirit animal ability to save items to your personal reading list, and part of most., Shock Troops: Canadians fighting the Great Lakes sign on with the capture of 300... Rights movements he was also awarded a 1914–15 Star, the Pegahmagabow family donated Francis ’ medals and headdress. ’ Band also considered him difficult to work with 300 more some members of Francis memory... Somme and was wounded in the summer of 1912, Francis became involved in local federal... To remove non-band members and mixed-race individuals from the same sickness tenure as.... As a chief and political activist, Francis was one of the Ojibwe Nation, located further up 's. Along the lines during these two battles the Algonquin Militia Regiment agents labelled a. Cultural customs and beliefs during the First World War ( 2012 ) but was nursed back to Canada was. Experience with the Algonquin Militia Regiment 8 ] his companions there nicknamed him `` Peggy '' mental case '' strove! You with any further questions recovered in time to return to the shoulder overseas a! Hq Building at CFB Borden after him he decorated his army tent traditional. “ Forgotten soldiers: First Nations soldier, politician and activist, Francis served two terms supreme... Introduced to traditional medicine by his children and grandchildren, Francis Pegahmagabow.! Mm Memorial Cairn Borden Simcoe County Ontario, he developed pneumonia shortly after War...